Employment Schemes By Government


Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA): Launched in 2005, MGNREGA guarantees 100 days of wage employment in a financial year to rural households whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work. It aims to enhance livelihood security in rural areas by providing employment opportunities.

  • Should be an Indian Citizen
  • Any person who is above the age of 18 and resides in rural areas is entitled to apply for work
  • Any applicant is entitled to work within 15 days, for as many as he/she has applied, subject to a limit of 100 days per household per year.
  • Wage rate (220) has been increased and to be incorporated.
2. Deen Dayal Upadhyay – Gramin Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY)

DDU-GKY aims to train rural youth for jobs in various sectors and provide placement-linked skill development opportunities.

  • Should be an Indian Citizen
  • Between the ages of 15 and 35 years, are eligible for the training programs.
  • For women and other vulnerable groups like persons with disabilities, the upper age limit is relaxed to 45 years
  • Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY) aims to skill rural youth who are poor and provide them with jobs having regular monthly wages or above the minimum wages
3. Garib Kalyan Rozgar Yojana
  • Should be an Indian Citizen
  • People working in 25 types of working areas were identified such as, PM Kusum Works, cattle sheds, poultry shed, goat sheds, Shyama Prasad Mukherjee RURBAN mission, workers in national highways, in construction of wells etc. are eligible.
  • The scheme will give employment for one hundred and twenty-five days.
4. Deen Dayal Updhyaya Antyodaya Yojana (Day)
  • Any Indian citizen intending to get trained on skills
  • The scheme aims to enhance skills and self-business by financing and supporting the poor.
5. PM SVANidhi
  • Should be an Indian Citizen
  • Street vendors in possession of Certificate of Vending / Identity Card issued by Urban Local Bodies (ULBs);
  • The vendors, who have been identified in the survey but have not been issued Certificate of Vending / Identity Card
  • To facilitate working capital loan up to 10,000.
  • To incentivize regular repayment.
  • To reward digital transactions
6. Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)

PMKVY aims to skill Indian youth with industry-relevant skills through training programs and certification.

  • Should be an Indian Citizen
  • 12th class dropouts or 10th pass students can enroll in PMKVY to develop their skill set.
  • Applicable for any candidate of Indian nationality who is of age between 18-45 years
  • Create an ecosystem for the youth to make informed choices on the available skilling avenues.
  • Provide support to youth for skill training and certification.
  • Promote sustainable Skill Centres for greater participation of private sector.
  • Benefit 8 lakh youth over the scheme period (2020-21).
7. Prime Minister Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP)
  • Should be an Indian Citizen
  • Any individual, above 18 years of age.
  • At least VIII standard pass for projects costing above Rs.10 lakh in the manufacturing sector and above Rs. 5 lakh in the business / service sector
  • Scheme for providing financial assistance to set up new enterprises

8. Pradhan Mantri Rojgar Yojana (PMRY)

PMRY was launched to provide self-employment opportunities to educated unemployed youth by facilitating easy access to credit for starting ventures.

9. National Urban Livelihoods Mission (NULM)

Launched in 2013, NULM focuses on providing sustainable livelihood opportunities to the urban poor through skill training and self-employment ventures.

10. Skill India Mission

Launched in 2015, Skill India aims to train over 400 million people in various skills by 2022 to meet the demands of a rapidly growing economy.

11. Start-up India

This initiative aims to promote entrepreneurship and create a conducive environment for start-ups by providing financial support, tax benefits, and other incentives.

12. Stand-Up India

Launched to promote entrepreneurship among women, SCs, and STs by facilitating bank loans between ₹10 lakh and ₹1 crore to set up greenfield enterprises.

13. Skill Development Initiative Scheme (SDIS)

This scheme aims to provide vocational training to school leavers, existing workers, and self-employed individuals to improve their employability.

These are just a few examples of the various employment and skill development schemes initiated by the Government of India to address the diverse needs of the population and boost economic growth.

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